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Maintaining a high rate of immunisation among the target population is essential to prevent the spread of communicable diseases. Optimum protection (herd immunity) requires the immunisation of over 95% of the target population; therefore, countries strive to maintain high rates of immunisation.


The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Slovenia also supports vaccination. The importance of vaccination is emphasised each year during European Immunisation Week, in which Slovenia is actively involved.

The National Institute of Public Health of the Republic of Slovenia prepares a proposal annually for the Vaccination and Protection Products Programme, which it submits for adoption to the Ministry of Health. It defines the vaccination and protection products programmes for different population groups.


The Minister of Health passes the Rules on the Vaccination and Protection Products Programme for the current year (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No 15/2013).

Vaccination against human papilloma virus (HPV) infection  is optional and free for girls attending the sixth grade of primary school in the 2013/2014 school year; others may be immunised for a fee.