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From birth to the age of 18, a third of all diseases can be attributed to dangerous and unhealthy environments. Children, particularly in the early stages (embryo, foetus and in the first years of life) are especially sensitive and can be more exposed adults to many environmental factors such as polluted atmosphere, chemicals, inadequate drinking water, food and soil, unhealthy living environment, noise, transport-related risk, consequences of natural disasters etc.

In order to establish an environment in Europe which does not adversely affect children’s health and the adults into whom they would grow, a European environment and health process in which Slovenia participates has been underway since 1989.

By signing international declarations arising from this process (most recently the Parma Declaration signed in 2010 at the Fifth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health), the Republic of Slovenia has undertaken to observe the agreement that protection of children's health against harmful environmental factors must be an integral part of the public health and environmental policy of every state; therefore, the Republic of Slovenia passed the Strategy of the Republic of Slovenia for the Health of Children and Adolescents in relation to the Environment 2011-2020.