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MENTAL HEALTH

There is no health without mental health.

The World Health Organisation defined mental health as “a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community”. Mental health enables individuals to realise their mental and emotional potential and to find and fulfil their role in their jobs and social and private life.

Mental disorders are among the ten leading causes of disability in the world and have severe social and economic consequences for individuals, families and communities. The association between mental health and poverty has been proven: poverty increases the risk of mental disorders. The social and economic burden of mental disorders is great. The consequences of mental disorders are very burdensome on social resources and economic, educational, social, health care, and criminal and judicial systems. Poor mental health thus means a loss of at least 3-4 per cent of gross domestic product, or more according to some estimates. Both the World Health Organisation and the European Union and individual countries are devoting increasing attention and funds to promoting and protecting mental health.

 

Basic documents:

Mental Health Act and regulations

Proposal for the Resolution on the National Mental Health Programme

The most important strategic EU documents on mental health:

- European Pact for Mental Health and Well-being

- Council Conclusion on the European Pact for Mental Health and Well-being