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An individual’s health is largely determined by social and economic factors. Factors such as education, employment, income, social security and social networks influence lifestyle, risk factors, the use of medical and other services and, consequently, morbidity, mortality and life expectancy. The health care system and the Ministry of Healthy may significanty contribute to reducing health inequalities resulting from the accessibility and use of health care services, including preventive and other public health-care programmes.


The Ministry of Health co-funds the implementation of special support measures for specific vulnerable target groups using the Programme for tackling health inequalities. The basic purpose of the Programme is to reduce health inequalities  in those fields with the worst indicators of health and development. Through public tenders, the Ministry additionally co-funds programmes to strengthen and protect health in the fields of health differences.


The goal of the measures is:

  • to provide high-quality, broadly accessible and cost-effective public health programmes and projects,
  • to monitor the problems of vulnerable population groups in order to take action and propose systemic solutions,
  • to improve the health of vulnerable population groups.